COMPOSITION AND EFFECT OF THE CONTRACEPTIVE PILL
The pill consists of two female sexual hormones: estrogen and progestin. The artificial supply of hormones slows down the woman's own hormone production. Thus, no more eggs are released. In addition, the mucus at the cervix no longer liquefies, and the sperm filaments are prevented from traveling inside the uterus. Finally, the mucous membrane is affected, making it more difficult for a fertilized egg to implant.
CONTRACEPTIVE SAFETY PILL
In terms of its contraceptive safety, the pill is very good. Only sterilization or the hormone-containing IUD and implant offer comparable protection against pregnancy. Contraceptive safety depends crucially on the discipline with which the pill is taken.
ADVANTAGES OF THE PILL
- Safe, reversible contraceptive method
- Easy to use
- Regulates the menstrual cycle, resulting in fewer bleeding problems
- Reduces menstrual pain
- Reduces breast discomfort before the period
- Less anemia due to iron deficiency
DISADVANTAGES OF THE PILL
- In rare cases, the pill can have side effects
- The risk of thrombosis is slightly increased when taking the pill, but very rare overall.
- However, this risk of thrombosis is lower than with pregnancy.
- However, the risk is significantly increased by smoking, obesity and high blood pressure.
- No protection against AIDS
PREGNANCY DESPITE THE PILL
Pregnancy despite the pill can exceptionally occur in case of:
- Forgetfulness: the pill should be taken on time/regularly. Attention during vacation trips with time difference.
- Vomiting or diarrhea shortly after taking the pill (up to 2 hours): In most cases, a large part of the pill is excreted again.
- Interactions with other medications: Certain medications can reduce the effect of the pill (antibiotics, antidepressants, etc.).